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Essays on the Role of Information in Job Search Behavior and Demand for Training

Abstract : My dissertation examines the impact of information on job search behavior and demand for vocational training.The first chapter evaluates of the impact of the website Bob Emploi, which aims at delivering news to jobseekers about the labour market. Results indicate that there is no impact on jobseekers' search effort and search scope. However, job seekers using the website are more likely to rely on personal networks and to use resources provided by public employment services. Finally, there is no effect on self-reported well-being and on employment.The second chapter focuses on the role of information about training on the enrollment rate.Results indicate that receiving an email with a message emphasizing training returns in terms of employment more than doubles the likelihood that job seekers call back the training center. However, callback rates are low in absolute value (less than one percent) and there is no impact on enrollment. Our results suggest that the effects on callbacks are driven by increasing salience of basic information about training rather than by belief updating.Finally, the third chapter focuses on the demand for vocational training as well, but takes into account behavioural constraints. Distinguishing between ``external'' beliefs (about the world) and ``internal'' beliefs (about the self), results show that jobseekers experience financial constraints preventing them from joining a training program, and that they underestimate the proportion of subsidized programs available to them. Obstacles related either to self-efficacy, self control, self esteem and executive function are equally mentioned among jobseekers reporting internal barriers in training enrollment. In light of this diagnosis, the last part is dedicated to the design for a random control trial, with interventions relying on the delivery of information through app-base courses, and interactive sessions involving groups of jobseekers. Theses courses aim at targeting either external or internal beliefs, or both of them simultaneously.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 20, 2021 - 11:22:28 PM
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Esther Mbih. Essays on the Role of Information in Job Search Behavior and Demand for Training. Economics and Finance. Institut Polytechnique de Paris, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020IPPAG014⟩. ⟨tel-03203671⟩

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