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Une analyse architecturale et urbaine de l’agglomération de Pointe-à-Pitre et des abymes en Guadeloupe du point de vue des risques majeurs et du développement durable

Abstract : The urban zone of Pointe-à-Pitre in Guadeloupe, located in the middle of a concentration of 132 000 inhabitants, has many functions : political, administrative and commercial. Its tourist importance is essential for Guadeloupe. At last but not least, the place of Pointe-à-Pitre in the collective unconscious is predominant, it has so a first level social function. Today, the urban morphology and typology of the town is not able to face a seismic disaster. Its vulnerability to the others major risks is less important. I made a deep historic study that, with the help of plans, maps and texts, allowed me to recount the urban morphology and typology history of the urban zone, through the main major risks that have affected and can affect still now that centre : earthquakes, cyclones and fires. I analyse too, facing major risks, the public highways and all the infrastructures of the territory. The existing references on the seismic activity to the Antilles relate only to approximately 3 centuries. Thus, many uncertainties remain on the seismic risk to which Guadeloupe is subjected. One proposes here to analyze these various uncertainties in order to permit a finer approach of the seismic risk for that territory. The studied elements permit to understand better the vulnerability of that centre to the major risks.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03095171
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 12:43:35 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03095171, version 1

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Robin-Clerc Michèle. Une analyse architecturale et urbaine de l’agglomération de Pointe-à-Pitre et des abymes en Guadeloupe du point de vue des risques majeurs et du développement durable. Géographie. Université Paris-Sorbonne, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007PA040047⟩. ⟨tel-03095171⟩

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