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Comparison of the Von Kármán and Kirchhoff models for the post-buckling and vibrations of elastic beams

Abstract : We compare different models describing the buckling, post-buckling and vibrations of elastic beams in the plane. Focus is put on the first buckled equilibrium solution and the first two vibration modes around it. In the incipient post-buckling regime, the classic Woinowsky-Krieger model is known to grasp the behavior of the system. It is based on the von Kármán approximation, a 2nd order expansion in the strains of the buckled beam. But as the curvature of the beam becomes larger, the Woinowsky-Krieger model starts to show limitations and we introduce a 3rd order model, derived from the geometrically-exact Kirchhoff model. We discuss and quantify the shortcomings of the Woinowsky-Krieger model and the contributions of the 3rd order terms in the new model, and we compare them both to the Kirchhoff model. Different ways to nondi-mensionalize the models are compared and we believe that, although this study is performed for specific boundary conditions, the present results have a general scope and can be used as abacuses to estimate the validity range of the simplified models.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02957425
Contributor : Sébastien Neukirch <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 19, 2021 - 8:56:40 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 24, 2021 - 10:04:38 AM

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Sébastien Neukirch, Morteza Yavari, Noël Challamel, Olivier Thomas. Comparison of the Von Kármán and Kirchhoff models for the post-buckling and vibrations of elastic beams. Journal of Theoretical, Computational and Applied Mechanics, INRIA, 2021, pp.1-18. ⟨10.46298/jtcam.6828⟩. ⟨hal-02957425v3⟩

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