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An accurate discontinuous Galerkin method for solving point-source Eikonal equation in 2-D heterogeneous anisotropic media

Abstract : Accurate numerical computation of wave traveltimes in heterogeneous media is of major interest for a large range of applications in seismics, such as phase identification, data windowing, traveltime tomography and seismic imaging. A high level of precision is needed for traveltimes and their derivatives in applications which require quantities such as amplitude or take-off angle. Even more challenging is the anisotropic case, where the general Eikonal equation is a quartic in the derivatives of traveltimes. Despite their efficiency on Cartesian meshes, finite-difference solvers are inappropriate when dealing with unstructured meshes and irregular topographies. Moreover, reaching high orders of accuracy generally requires wide stencils and high additional computational load. To go beyond these limitations, we propose a discontinuous-finite-element-based strategy which has the following advantages: (1) the Hamiltonian formalism is general enough for handling the full anisotropic Eikonal equations; (2) the scheme is suitable for any desired high-order formulation or mixing of orders (p-adaptivity); (3) the solver is explicit whatever Hamiltonian is used (no need to find the roots of the quartic); (4) the use of unstructured meshes provides the flexibility for handling complex boundary geometries such as topographies (h-adaptivity) and radiation boundary conditions for mimicking an infinite medium. The point-source factorization principles are extended to this discontinuous Galerkin formulation. Extensive tests in smooth analytical media demonstrate the high accuracy of the method. Simulations in strongly heterogeneous media illustrate the solver robustness to realistic Earth-sciences-oriented applications.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 14, 2021 - 12:50:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:48:53 AM

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Ludovic Métivier, Philippe Le Bouteiller, Mondher Benjemaa, Jean Virieux. An accurate discontinuous Galerkin method for solving point-source Eikonal equation in 2-D heterogeneous anisotropic media. Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018, 212 (3), pp.1498-1522. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggx463⟩. ⟨hal-02009739⟩

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